We do not use hrs or days to tell us when to distill our wash we use a hydrometer, the reading needs to be 990-980 sg for the best results
Test the Hydrometer : should read 1000 in water ( specific gravity ) example salt water has a sg of 1023
The packet of yeast will say how much sugar to use if you do not achieve the correct hydrometer reading you will need to reduce the amount of sugar.
Stuck fermentation will occur during extreme heat.
Yeast does not like extreme heat.
Yeast will go dormant in the cold, and preferment as it warms up.
Too much sugar will cause a stuck ferment.
We use the thermometer at the top of the tower to maximize the collect and the percentage of the alcohol.
The thermometer you need to regulate to the lowest temperature possible.
I believe this is the key to better yields and quality
(example 76.5° will produce approx 92.5% alcohol)
Test the Alcometer : should read 0 in water
With the smaller towers (5-25 litre stills) we expect to regulate at 80°-82° to make approx 80%.
T500 Tower and the Smugglers Ultra Tower are capable of producing over 90% alcohol
Be careful not to allow the yeast cells to enter the boiler as they will split with the heat.
Producing an off flavour.
The time to stop distilling is when the temperature on the thermometer rises and reaches 85°
Do NOT collect over 90° this will start to produce unwanted fusel oils.
From a wash with 6kgs of sugar we should expect
- 6 litres of 40% after cutting
From a wash with 8kgs of sugar we should expect
- 8 litres of 40% after cutting
1kg sugar to make 1 litre 40 %
The 5 litre still with a 900 Watt element should produce 1 x 1125 ml bottle in approx 2 hrs @ 40% after cutting
The 25 litre still with a 2000 Watt element should produce 5 x 1125 ml bottles in approx 5 hrs @ 40% after cutting.
Carbonizing is essential, I think of carbon as a magnet.
The carbon attracts and holds the fusel oils and impurities, provided you give the carbon time.
- Soaking requires 3-5 days.
- Remove the carbon and carbon colour through a wool filer
- Cartridges require a slow collect, 1-2 drops per second.
- The Fuselex and better filters have built in wool filter